Gebelik ve Laktasyon Döneminde Ruhsal Bozukluklar ve Tedavisi

Umit Sertan Copoglu, Mehmet Hanifi Kokacya, Canan Demircan
2.157 698

Öz


Ruhsal hastalıklar kadınlarda sıklıkla 18-45 yaşları arasındaki reprodüktif dönemde ortaya çıkmaktadır. Dolayısıyla gebelik ve postpartum dönem pek çok kadın için anksiyete bozukluğu, depresyon, yeme bozukluğu ve psikoz gibi ruhsal hastalıklara yatkınlığın arttığı bir dönem olabilmektedir. Bu yazıda gebelik ve laktasyon döneminde ruhsal bozukluklar ve tedavi seçenekleri güncel tedavi kılavuzları ışığında gözden geçirilmiştir. Gebelikte psikofarmakolojik tedavinin yararları ve riskleri dikkate alınmalı, teratojenite ve laktasyon riski göz önünde bulundurulmalıdır.  Gebelik ve laktasyon döneminde en düşük etkin dozda ve mümkünse tek ilaç kullanılmalıdır ve fetüs/bebek yakından izlenmelidir.

Anahtar kelimeler: Gebelik ve laktasyon, ruhsal bozukluklar, tedavi, ilaç kullanımı, teratojenite

 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17944/mkutfd.81777

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